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Global Congress on Biochemistry, Glycomics and Amino Acids, will be organized around the theme “Connecting Innovations in Biochemistry”

Biochem Congress 2016 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Biochem Congress 2016

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Biochemistry is the application of chemistry to the study of biological processes at the cellular and molecular level. Biochemistry is both a life science and a chemical science - it explores the chemistry of living organisms and the molecular basis for the changes occurring in living cells. It uses the methods of chemistry, physics, molecular biology and immunology to study the structure and behaviour of the complex molecules found in biological material and the ways these molecules interact to form cells, tissues and whole organisms.

Biochemistry has become the foundation for understanding all biological processes. It underlies and includes such exciting new fields as molecular genetics and bioengineering. Biochemistry is also unique in providing teaching and research in both protein structure/function and genetic engineering.

Biochemistry also includes many subspecialties such as neurochemistry, bioorganic chemistry, clinical biochemistry, physical biochemistry, molecular genetics, biochemical pharmacology and immunochemistry. Recent advances in these areas have created links among technology, chemical engineering and biochemistry.

  • Track 1-1Biomolecules
  • Track 1-2Biochemical processes
  • Track 1-3Metabolisms and metabolic pathways
  • Track 1-4Biological macromolecules
  • Track 1-5Cellular functions
  • Track 1-6The Chemical Elements of Life
  • Track 1-7Clinical Biochemistry

Comprehensive characterization of protein glycosylation is critical for understanding the structure and function of glycoproteins. However, due to the complexity and heterogeneity of glycoprotein conformations, current glycoprotein analyses focus mainly on either the de-glycosylated glycosylation site (glycosite)-containing peptides or the released glycans. Here, we describe a chemo enzymatic method called solid phase extraction of N-linkedglycans and glycoside-containing peptides (NGAG) for the comprehensive characterization of glycoproteins that is able to determine glycan heterogeneity for individual glycosides in addition to providing information about the total N-linked glycan, glycoside-containing peptide and glycoprotein content of complex samples

Protein expression is the biotechnological process of generating a specific protein. It is typically achieved by the manipulation of gene expression in an organism such that it expresses large amounts of a recombinant gene. This includes the transcription of the recombinant DNA to messenger RNA (mRNA), the translation of mRNA into polypeptide chains, which are ultimately folded into functional proteins and may be targeted to specific subcellular or extracellular locations.

The convenience of modern life has brought human people a lot of health problems, in which diabetes and obesity are the more common ones. Numerous factors have been found to play important roles in the pathogenesis of diabetes or obesity, which include nutritional factors and genetic factors. Recently, amino acids, especially branched chain amino acid (BCAA), as a certain kind of nutritional factors have been shown to have a large effect on diabetes or obesity.

  • Track 3-1Metabolic signature and signaling
  • Track 3-2Dietary protein
  • Track 3-3Antimicrobial-Sensing Proteins
  • Track 3-4Insulin resistance
  • Track 3-5Amino acids concentration

Structural biochemistry is a branch of the life sciences that combines biology, physics, and chemistry to study living beings and to compress some shared rule that all forms of life share. It is also referred to more generally as biochemistry. Biochemists mean to depict in sub-atomic terms the structures, mechanisms, and chemical processes shared by all creatures, giving sorting out standards that underlie life in all its diverse forms.

  • Track 4-1Stereochemistry of Organic Molecules
  • Track 4-2Biophysics- Single Molecule techniques
  • Track 4-3Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis
  • Track 4-4Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals
  • Track 4-5Foundational microorganism

Enzymology is the investigation of compounds, their energy, structure, and function, as well as their relation to each other. Enzymes are proteins that go about as impetuses inside living cells. Catalysts increase the rate at which chemical reactions happen without being devoured or forever modified themselves. A chemical reaction is a process that converts one or more substances (known as reagents, reactants, or substrates) to another type of substance (the product). As a catalyst, a protein can encourage the same substance response over and over again.

Immunology is a branch of biomedical science that spreads the study of immune system in all organisms. It charts, measures, and contextualizes the: physiological working of the invulnerable system in states of both health and diseases, glitches of the safe structure in immunological issue (such as autoimmune diseases, hypersensitivities, immune need, and transplant release); the physical, substance and physiological properties of the segments of the insusceptible framework in vitro, in situ, and in vivo. Immunology has applications in different orders of pharmaceutical, especially in the fields of organ transplantation, oncology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, psychiatry, and dermatology. Numerous segments of the resistant framework are commonly cell in nature and not associated with any specific organ; but Or maybe are inserted or coursing in different tissues found throughout the body.

  • Track 5-1Clinical Immunology
  • Track 5-2Cancer Immunology
  • Track 5-3Reproductive Immunology
  • Track 5-4Diagnostic Immunology
  • Track 5-5Immunotherapy

Stem cells are undifferentiated organic cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide (through mitosis) to deliver more undeveloped cells. They are found in multicellular organisms. In mammals, there are two broad types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells, which are secluded from the inner cell mass of blastocysts, and adult stem cells, which are found in different tissues. In grown-up living beings, stem cells and progenitor cells act as a repair system for the body, recharging grown-up tissues. In a creating developing life, stem cells can differentiate into all the particular cells ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm additionally keep up the typical turnover of regenerative organs, such as blood, skin, or intestinal tissues.

  • Track 6-1Stem Cell Therapy
  • Track 6-2Stem Cell Technologies
  • Track 6-3Stem Cell & Gene Therapy
  • Track 6-4Stem cell Bioinformatics
  • Track 6-5Stem Cell Transplantation
  • Track 6-6Stem cell Nano-technology
  • Track 6-7Cancer Stem Cell

Bioorganic chemistry is a quickly developing logical control that combines organic chemistry and biochemistry. While biochemistry goes for comprehension natural procedures using chemistry, bioorganic chemistry attempts to expand natural compound inquires about (i.e., structures, union, and kinetics) toward biology. When investigating metalloenzymes and cofactors, bioorganic chemistry covers bioinorganic chemistry. Biophysical organic chemistry is a term used at the point when endeavouring to depict close subtle elements of sub-atomic recognition by bioorganic chemistry.

Bioorganic chemistry is that branch of life science that arrangements with the study of biological processes using chemical methods.

  • Track 7-1Enzyme Chemistry
  • Track 7-2Protein Engineering
  • Track 7-3Interaction of small molecules with Biological systems
  • Track 7-4Intermolecular Interactions

Metabolic Biochemistry is the area of biochemistry claim to know the different types of metabolic pathways at the cell level, and natural connection. Subsequently they are fundamental skills enzymology and cell biology. Study all cellular biochemical responses that make life conceivable, and as well as healthy organic biochemical indices, the atomic premise of metabolic diseases or metabolic intermediates flows globally.

From here arise academic disciplines such as bioenergetics (the investigation of vitality stream in living life forms), the Nutritional Biochemistry (study of the processes of sustenance connected with metabolic pathways) and clinical organic chemistry (the study of biochemical alterations in malady states or injury). The processing framework is the arrangement of science and strategies committed to complete investigation of the framework including the arrangement of particles that are metabolic intermediates, essential and auxiliary metabolites, which can be found in a biological system.

  • Track 8-1Drug metabolism
  • Track 8-2Tissue Homogenisation
  • Track 8-3The Three-Dimensional Structure of Proteins
  • Track 8-4Hormonal Regulation and Integration of Mammalian Metabolism

HPLC is the most popular method for analyzing amino acid components, which have currently gained attention due to the boom in health foods.

Using UV detection for amino acids in most cases requires using the absorption of the carboxyl group (-COOH) in the 200 to 210 nm range. Some amino acids with benzene rings can also be detected in the 250 to 280 nm range, but in general, they are difficult to analyze as-is with sufficient sensitivity and selectivity.
Consequently, derivatization methods have long since been used. Since many amino acids contain amino groups (-NH2and -NHR) in their structures, a derivatizing reagent that selectively reacts with the amino group is used.

Pre-column Derivatization Method: In pre-column derivatization, the amino acids are derivertized before injection, and then the reaction products are separated and detected.

Post-column Derivatization Method: The post-column derivatization method involves separating the amino acids in the column, then delivering and mixing the derivatizig reagent to let it react with the amino acids, before finally sending the products to the detector.

  • Track 9-1High performance liquid chromatography
  • Track 9-2Pre-column derivatization method
  • Track 9-3Post-column derivatization method

Xenobiotics: Xenobiotics are the discipline that studies the metabolic behaviour of the compounds whose chemical structure is not true blue in the predictable absorption arrangement of a given creature. They may be secondary metabolites of other organisms (e.g.: mycotoxins, snake venom and phyto-chemicals when they enter the human body) or non-existent in nature or infrequent compounds. The Pharmacology is an order that studies profiting Xenobiotics cell function in the organism due to its therapeutic on the other hand preventive impacts (drugs).

Pharmacology has clinical applications when the substances are used in the diagnosis, counteractive action, treatment and help of indications of a malady and the rational advancement of not so much intrusive but rather more compelling against particular biomolecular target substances. On the other hand, the Toxicology is the study that recognizes, concentrates on and portrays the measurement, the nature, frequency, seriousness, reversibility, and generally the mechanisms of adverse effects ( toxic effects ) produced by Xenobiotics.

Currently toxicology is also studying the mechanism of endogenous components for example, oxygen free radicals and other receptive intermediates generated by Xenobiotics and Endobiotics.

Endocrinology: The investigation of inner discharges called hormones, which are produced by specialized cells substances whose aim is to influence the capacity of different cells. Endocrinology is biosynthesis, storage and function of hormones, cells and tissues emitting and hormone flagging systems. There are sub-disciplines such as medical endocrinology, plant endocrinology and animal endocrinology.

  • Track 10-1Xenotransplantation
  • Track 10-2Xenobiotic metabolism
  • Track 10-3Environmental xenobiotic
  • Track 10-4Chemical Signalling
  • Track 10-5Neuroendocrine interactions
  • Track 10-6Adrenal Hormones : Glands and its Secretions
  • Track 10-7Insulin: Pancreatic Peptide Hormone
  • Track 10-8Paediatric endocrinology

Glycomics mainly refers in particular to the enzymatic process that attaches glycans to proteins, lipids, or other organic molecules. This enzymatic process produces one of the fundamental biopolymers found in cells (along with DNA, RNA, and proteins). Glycosylation also plays a role in cell-cell adhesion (a mechanism employed by cells of the immune system) via sugar-binding proteins called lectins, which recognize specific carbohydrate moieties.

Nucleic acids, proteins, lipids, and glycans are the four classes of biomolecules that define life. Recent advances in life science research have painted a very different point of view of the importance of these quintessential biomolecules. Even though our knowledge is still limited, glycans are becoming more important to other fields such as vaccines, therapeutics, diagnostics, materials, and energy. This will subsequently speed up the advancement in other fields, such as research on carbohydrate-based vaccines that require access to well-defined carbohydrate structures and tools.

Neurochemistry is the particular investigation of neurochemicals, including neurotransmitters and other molecules that influence the capacity of neurons. This field nearly analyzes how these neurochemicals influence the network of neural operation. This advancing region of neuroscience offers a neurochemist a micro-macro connection between the analysis of organic mixes dynamic in the sensory system and neural procedures such as cortical plasticity, neurogenesis and neural differentiation.

  • Track 12-1Molecular Neuroscience
  • Track 12-2Neurodegeneration
  • Track 12-3Axonal Transport and Disease
  • Track 12-4Psychopharmaceuticals

Chemotaxonomy is the method of biological classification based on similarities in the structure of certain compounds among the life forms being characterized. Advocates contend that, because proteins are more closely controlled by genes and less subjected to regular determination than are anatomical features, they are more reliable indicators of genetic relationships. The mixes concentrated most are proteins, amino acids, nucleic acids, peptides etc.

Virology is the study of viruses – sub tiny, parasitic particles of hereditary material contained in a protein coat and virus like agents. It focuses on the accompanying parts of infections: their structure, order and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit host cells for multiplication, their cooperation with host life form physiology and immunity, the diseases they cause, the techniques to confine and culture them, and their utilization in exploration and therapy. Virology is considered to be a subfield of microbiology or of medicine.

  • Track 13-1Infectious & Emerging Disease
  • Track 13-2Biological Warfare
  • Track 13-3Taxonomy and Phylogeny
  • Track 13-4Vaccine and Vaccine Development
  • Track 13-5General Virology

Mathematical Biology refers to the work that uses mathematical approaches to gain biological understanding or explain biological phenomena. Mathematical modeling and computer algorithms have been extensively used to solve biological problems such as sequence alignment, gene finding, genome assembly, protein structure prediction, gene expression analysis and protein-protein interactions, and the modeling of evolution. As a result, researchers are now routinely using homology search tools for DNA/protein sequence analysis, genome assembly software for world-wide genome sequencing projects, and comparative genome analysis tools for the study of evolutionary history of various species.

  • Track 14-1Topology and homology
  • Track 14-2Biomanfacturing of proteins
  • Track 14-3Biological network analysis

RNA the nucleic acid in majority of plants and viruses and integral part of cell component in animals plays a central role in all cellular processes involving decoding the genome, regulating gene expression, mediating molecular interactions, and catalyzing chemical reactions. RNA Biology covers all aspects of RNA research inclusive of transcription and splicing, post-transcriptional regulation, non-coding RNA, translation and catalysis, RNA localization, RNA in disease and therapy. Noncoding RNAs play a key role in many steps of epigenetic regulation. There are antisense transcripts that can bind by Watson-Crick interactions functional transcripts and short RNA transcripts that are complementary to repeats throughout the genome. It seems that RNA provides the command and control of cells. Some of the noncoding RNAs associate with human diseases. RNA Biology is an excellent medium to discuss the current thinking on RNA, from coding and noncoding to therapeutic strategies based on that still very magic molecule.

  • Track 15-1RNA processing
  • Track 15-2RNA-protein interactions
  • Track 15-3RNA structure and function
  • Track 15-4RNA localization
  • Track 15-5Non-coding RNA
  • Track 15-6RNA interference
  • Track 15-7Post-transcriptional regulation
  • Track 15-8RNA regulatory mechanisms
  • Track 15-9RNA in disease and therapy

Molecular genetics is the field of science and hereditary qualities that studies the structure and function of genes at a molecular level. The investigation of chromosomes and gene expression of an organism can give insight into heredity, genetic variation, furthermore, changes. This is valuable in the investigation of formative biology and in understanding and treating genetic diseases.

Genetic engineering, likewise called hereditary adjustment, it is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology. It is an arrangement of advancements used to change the hereditary cosmetics of cells, including the exchange of qualities inside and over species limits to create enhanced or novel living beings. New DNA might be embedded in the host genome by first detaching also, duplicating the hereditary material of enthusiasm utilizing atomic cloning methods to generate a DNA sequence, or by synthesizing the DNA, and afterward embedding this develop into the host organism. Genes may be removed, or "knocked out", using a nuclease. There by overcoming barriers also, limits between species as in the genome of a species can embed it in another and produce new species. One of their top objectives is to meet current administrative components and gene expression, that is, acquire an epigenetic code. It is a fundamental column in all life science disciplines, especially biotechnology.

  • Track 16-1 Genetically Modified Organisms
  • Track 16-2BioArt and entertainment
  • Track 16-3DNA: The Genetic Material
  • Track 16-4The Human Genome
  • Track 16-5Gene therapy
  • Track 16-6Genetic Screens

Innate immunity is the front line of self-defense against infectious non-self in vertebrates and invertebrates. The innate immune system is mediated by germ-line encoding pattern recognition molecules (pathogen sensors) that recognize conserved molecular patterns present in the pathogens but absent in the host. Peptidoglycans (PGN) are essential cell wall components of almost all bacteria, except mycoplasma lacking a cell wall, which provides the host immune system an advantage for detecting invading bacteria. Several families of pattern recognition molecules that detect PGN and PGN-derived compounds have been identified, and the role of PGRP family members in host defense is relatively well-characterized in Drosophila. This review focuses on the role of PGRP family members in the recognition of invading bacteria and the activation and modulation of immune responses in Drosophila.

Molecular biology is the logical control that points to study the processes taking place in living organisms from an atomic stance. Traditional biochemical and metabolic cycles investigated in detail and the integration and disintegration of the atoms making up living creatures, molecular biology aims set preferably in the behaviour of biological macromolecules (DNA, RNA, proteins, hormones, and so forth.) inside the cell and explains the biological functions of the living being by these properties at the molecular level.

  • Track 18-1Molecular Cloning
  • Track 18-2Antiquated Technologies
  • Track 18-3Macromolecule Blotting and Probing
  • Track 18-4Molecular Microbiology
  • Track 18-5Molecular Modelling

Lipids play diverse roles in the normal functioning of the body they serve as the structural building material of all membranes of cells they provide energy for living organisms Lipids are also biomarkers of disease and are involved in several pathological conditions. Lipids are also known to play a role in genetic modification and influence risk of chronic disease. Dietary lipids help in biochemical and physiological functions as modulators of cell actions and genes.

Nature appears to have taken full advantage of the vast diversity of glycans expressed in organisms by evolving protein modules to recognize discrete glycans that mediate specific physiological or pathological processes. Excluding glycan-specific antibodies, GBPs broadly into two major groups such as lectins and glycosaminoglycan-binding proteins. Most lectins are members of families with defined “carbohydrate-recognition domains” (CRDs) that apparently evolved from shared ancestral genes, often retaining specific features of primary amino acid sequence or three-dimensional structure. Thus, new family members can be identified by searching protein sequence or structural databases.

Forensic science is the utilization of science to criminal and civil laws. Forensic scientists collect, preserve, and examine experimental confirmation over the span of an examination. While some forensic scientists travel to the scene to collect the proof themselves, others involve a lab part, performing analysis on objects brought to them by other people.

Notwithstanding their research facility part, forensic scientists testify as expert witnesses in both criminal and considerate cases and can work for either the indictment or the defence. While any field could technically be Forensic, certain areas have created after some time to include the majority of forensically related cases.

Chemical ecology is the investigation of chemicals required in the interactions of living organisms. It focuses on the creation of and reaction to flagging atoms and poisons. Chemical ecology is of particular importance among ants and other social bugs - including honey bees, wasps, and termites - as a means of communication essential to social organization, furthermore in creepy crawly parasitoids. Also, this region of ecology deals with studies involving defensive chemicals, which are used to deflect potential predators or pathogens attacking a wide variety of species. Other aspects of chemical biology manage concoction reactions of living beings to abiotic factors such as temperature and radiation.

Animal Biochemistry is the investigation of various synthetic reactions going on in the body of animal for life. The exploration concentrate on Animal natural chemistry profoundly pertinent to the comprehension of real parts of vet nary science and creature cultivation in order to comprehend the digestion system and capacity of creatures in well-being and sickness.

Biochemistry for the Pharmaceutical Sciences is a concise, practical resource for pharmacy students to apply and expand their understanding of biochemistry as it relates to pharmacy practice. With pedagogical features designed to make complex concepts comprehensible, this text presents biochemistry in a clear and comprehensible format with a pharmaceutical focus. Real-world applications of scientific principles allow students to better comprehend and appreciate how biochemistry will impact their professional practice.